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Brookes J.C., Gray E.R., Loynachan C.N., Gut M.J., Miller B.S., P S Brogan A, McKendry R.A. Thermodynamic analysis of an entropically driven, high-affinity nanobody-HIV p24 interaction. Biophys J. 2023 Jan 17;122(2):279-289. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2022.12.019.

Budd, J., Miller, B.S., Weckman, N.E. et al. Lateral flow test engineering and lessons learned from COVID-19. Nat Rev Bioeng 1, 13–31 (2023).

Cherkaoui, D., Mesquita, S.G., Huang, D. et al. CRISPR-assisted test for Schistosoma haematobiumSci Rep 13, 4990 (2023).

M Morris, P Hayes, IJ Cox, V Lampos. Neural network models for influenza forecasting with associated uncertainty using Web search activity trends. PLOS Computational Biology (2023)

Wilson-Aggarwal JK, Gotts N, Arnold K, Spyer MJ, Houlihan CF, et al. (2023) Assessing spatiotemporal variability in SARS-CoV-2 infection risk for hospital workers using routinely-collected data. PLOS ONE 18(4): e0284512.



Atchison C, Moshe M, Brown J, Whitaker M, Wong N, Bharath A, McKendry R... Ward H. Validity of self-testing at home with rapid SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection by lateral flow immunoassay. Clin Infect Dis, (2022); DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciac629. 

Cherkaoui D, Heaney J, Huang D, Byott M, Miller BS, Nastouli E, McKendry RA. Clinical Validation of a Rapid Variant-Proof RT-RPA Assay for the Detection of SARS-CoV-2. Diagnostics. 2022; 12(5):1263.

H. M. G. Barriga, I. J. Pence, M. H. Holme, J. J. Doutch, J. Penders, V. Nele, M. R. Thomas, M. Carroni, M. M. Stevens.“Coupling lipid nanoparticle structure and automated single particle composition analysis to design phospholipase responsive nanocarriers.” Advanced Materials, 34(26) (2022); DOI: 10.1002/adma.202200839.

M. Broto, M. M. Kaminski, C. Adrianus, N. Kim, R. Greensmith, S. Dissanayake-Perera, A. J. Schubert, X. Tan, H. Kim, A. S. Dighe, J. J. Collins, M. M. Stevens. “Nanozyme-catalysed CRISPR assay for preamplification-free detection of non-coding RNAs.” Nature Nanotechnology. (2022); DOI: 10.1038/s41565-022-01179-0.

Geng H, Vilms Pedersen S, Ma Y, Haghighi T, Dai H, Howes PD, Stevens MM. Noble Metal Nanoparticle Biosensors: From Fundamental Studies toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics. Accounts of chemical research, 55(5), pp. 593-604. (2022); DOI:

Hassanain WA, Johnson CL, Faulds K, Graham D, Keegan N. Recent Advances in Antibiotic Resistance Diagnosis Using SERS: Focus on the “Big 5” Challenges. Analyst 2022, 21 (ePub ahead of Print); DOI:

Inghels M, Kim HY, Mathenjwa T, Shahmanesh M, Seeley J, Wyke S, McGrath N... Tanser F, Can a conditional financial incentive (CFI) reduce socio-demographic inequalities in home-based HIV testing uptake? A secondary analysis of the HITS clinical trial intervention in rural South Africa. Social science & medicine (2022), pp. 115305; DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.115305.

McKee M, Altmann D, Costello A, Friston K, Haque Z, Khunti K..... West R, Open science communication: The first year of the UK's Independent Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies.. Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 126(3), pp. 234-244 (2022); DOI:

Miller B, Thomas M, Banner M, Kim J, Chen Y, Wei Q..... McKendry R, Sub-picomolar lateral flow antigen detection with two-wavelength imaging of composite nanoparticles. Biosensors & bioelectronics, pp. 114133. (2022); DOI:

Yom-Tov E, Lampos V, Inns T, Cox I, Edelstein M. Providing early indication of regional anomalies in COVID-19 case counts in England using search engine queries. Scientific reports, 12(1), pp. 2373. (2022); DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-06340-2.

Zhuang M, Concannon D, Manley E, A Framework for Evaluating Dashboards in Healthcare. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 28(4), pp. 1715-1731. (2022); DOI: 10.1109/TVCG.2022.3147154.

Wilson-Aggarwal, Jared & Gotts, Nick & Wong, Wai Keong & Liddington, Chris & Knight, Simon & Spyer, Moira & Houlihan, Catherine & Nastouli, Eleni & Manley, Ed. (2022). Investigating healthcare worker mobility and patient contacts within a UK hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic. Communications Medicine. 2. DOI: 10.1038/s43856-022-00229-x.



Banner M, Alosert H, Spencer C, Cheeks M, Farid S, Thomas M, Goldrick S, (2021). A decade in review: use of data analytics within the biopharmaceutical sector.. Current opinion in chemical engineering, pp. None Curr Opin Chem Eng. 2021 (online); 34: None; DOI: 10.1016/j.coche.2021.100758.

Byrne T, Patel P, Shrotri M, Beale S, Michie S, Butt J..... Gilson R, (2021). Trends, patterns and psychological influences on COVID-19 vaccination intention: Findings from a large prospective community cohort study in England and Wales (Virus Watch). Vaccine, 39(48), pp. 7108-7116. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.09.066.

Gliddon, H., McKendry, R. A., Gibbs, J. 'Current attitudes towards HIV viral load self-testing: thematic analysis of a consultation with potential end-users', MedRxiv (2021); DOI: 10.1101/2021.08.27.21260566

Hassanain, W. A., Spoors, J., Johnson, C. L., Faulds, K., Keegan, N., and Graham, D. 'Rapid ultra-sensitive diagnosis of clostridium difficile infection using a SERS-based lateral flow assay,' The Analyst (2021); DOI: 10.15129/892e2c07-e848-4b87-b0e0-97d2faced701

Buckingham, S. D., Partridge, F. A., Poulton, B. C., Miller, B. S., McKendry, R. A., Lycett, G. J., and Sattelle, D. B. 'Automated phenotyping of mosquito larvae enables high-throughput screening for novel larvicides and offers potential for smartphone-based detection of larval insecticide resistance.' PLoS neglected tropical diseases (2021); DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008639

Richards, D. A., Thomas, M. R., Sziji, P. A., Foote, J., Chen, Y., Nogueira, J. C. F., Chudasama, V., and Stevens, M. M. 'Employing defined bioconjugates to generate chemically functionalised gold nanoparticles for in vitro diagnostic applications,' Nanoscale (2021); DOI:

Frampton, D., Rampling, T., Cross, A., Bailey, H., Heaney, J., Byott, M., Scott, R., Sconza, R., Price, J., Margaritis, M., Bergstrom, M., Spyer, M. J., Miralhes, P. B., Grant, P., Kirk, S., Valerio, C., Mangera, Z., Prabhahar, T., and Nastouli, E. 'Genomic characteristics and clinical effect of the emergent SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 lineage in London, UK: a whole-genome sequencing and hospital-based cohort study,' Lancet Infectious Disease (2021); DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00170-5

Grande D, Luna Marti X, Merchant R, Asch D, Dolan A, Sharma M, Cannuscio C. Consumer Views on Health Applications of Consumer Digital Data and Health Privacy Among US Adults: Qualitative Interview Study. (2021). Journal of medical Internet research, 23(6), pp. e29395; DOI: 10.2196/29395.

Morris, M., Hayes, P., Cox, I. J., and Lampos, V. 'Estimating the Uncertainty of Neural Network Forecasts for Influenza Prevalence Using Web Search Activity,' arXir (2021); DOI:

Leon, D. A., Yom-Tov, E., Johnson, A. M., Petticrew, M., Williamson, E., Lampos, V., and Cox. I. J. 'What on-line searches tell us about public interest and potential impact on behaviour in response to minimum unit pricing of alcohol in Scotland,' Wiley Online Library (2021); DOI:

Nele V, Holme M, Rashid M, Barriga H, Le T, Thomas M..... Stevens M. Design of Lipid-Based Nanocarriers via Cation Modulation of Ethanol-Interdigitated Lipid Membranes. (2021) Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 37(40), pp. 11909-11921; DOI:

Xianyu, Y., Lin, Y., Chen Q., Belessiotis-Richards, A., Stevens, M. M., and Thomas, M. R. 'Iodide-Mediated Rapid and Sensitive Surface Etching of Gold Nanostars for Biosensing,' Wiley Online Library (2021); DOI:

Kim, N., Kim, E., Kim, H., Thomas, M. R., Najer, A., and Stevens, M. M. 'Tumor-Targeting Cholesterol-Decorated DNA Nanoflowers for Intracellular Ratiometric Aptasensing,' Wiley Online Library (2021); DOI:

Cherkaoui, D., Huang, D., Miller, B., Turbé, V., and McKendry, R. A. 'Harnessing recombinase polymerase amplification for rapid multi-gene detection of SARS-CoV-2 in resource-limited settings,' Biosensors and Bioelectronics (2021); DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2021.113328

Ross S, Breckenridge G, Zhuang M, Manley E. (2021). Household visitation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientific reports, 11(1), pp. 22871; DOI:

Lampos, V., Majumder, M. S., Yom-Tov, E., Edelstein, M., Moura, S., Hamada, Y., Rangaka, M. X, and Cox, I.J. 'Tracking COVID-19 using online search..' NPJ digital medicine (2021); DOI:

Lampos V, Mintz J, Qu X. An artificial intelligence approach for selecting effective teacher communication strategies in autism education. (2021). npj Science of Learning. npj Sci. Learn. 6(25)

Turbe, V., Herbst, C., Mngomezulu, T., Meshkinfamfard, S., Dlamini, N., Mhlongo, T., Smit, T., Cherepanova, V., Shimada, K., Budd, J., Arsenov, N., Gray, S., Pillay, D., Herbst, K., Shahmanesh, M., and McKendry R. A. 'Deep learning of HIV field-based rapid tests', Nature Medicine (2021); DOI: 10.23664/AHRI.M-AFRICA.2019.V1.



Miller, B. S., Bezinge, L., Gliddon, H. D., Huang, D., Dold, G., Gray, E. R., Heaney, J., Dobson, P. J., Nastouli, E., Morton, J. J. L., and McKendry, R. A. 'Spin-enhanced nanodiamond biosensing for ultrasensitive diagnostics.' Nature (2020); DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2917-1

Bennett, I., Pyne, A. L. B., and McKendry, R. A. 'Cantilever Sensors for Rapid Optical Antimicrobial Sensitivity Testing.' ACS Sensors (2020); DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.0c01216

Yom-Tov, E., Lampos, V., Cox, I. J., and Edelstein, M. 'Providing early indication of regional anomalies in COVID19 case counts in England using search engine queries.' arXiv (2020);

Budd, J., Miller, B. S., Manning, E. M., Lampos, V., Zhuang, M., Edelstein, M., Rees, G., Emery, V. C., Stevens, M. M., Keegan, N., Short, M. J., Pillay, D., Manley, E., Cox, I. J., Heymann, D., Johnson, A. M., and McKendry, R. A. 'Digital technologies in the public-health response to COVID-19.' Nature Medicine (2020); DOI: 10.1038/s41591-020-1011-4

Buckingham, S. D., Partridge, F. A., Poulton, B. C., Miller, B. S., McKendry, R. A., Lycett, G. J., and Sattelle, D. B. 'Automated phenotyping of mosquito larvae enables high-throughput screening for novel larvicides and smartphone-based detection of larval insecticide resistance.' bioXriv (2020); DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.20.211946

Bennett, I., Budd, J., Manning, E. M., Manley, E., Zhuang, M., Cox, I. J., Short, M., Johnson, A. M., Pillay, D., and McKendry, R. A. 'Go local: The key to controlling the COVID-19 pandemic in the post lockdown era,' arXiv (2020); DOI: arXiv:2007.02603v1

Lampos, V., Majumdar, M. S., Yom-Tov, E., Edelstein, M., Moura, S., Hamada, Y., Rangaka, M. X., McKendry, R. A., and Cox, I. J. 'Tracking COVID-19 using online search' arXiv (2020); DOI:

McKendry, R. A., Rees, G., Cox, I. J., Edelstein, M., Eland, A., Stevens, M. M., and Heymann, D. ‘Share mobile and social-media data to curb COVID-19.’ Nature (2020); DOI: 10.1038/d41586-020-00908-6

Kim, N., Thomas, M. R., Bergholt, M. S., Pence, I. J., Seong, H., Charchar, P., Todorova, N., Nagelkerke, A., Belessiotis-Richards, A., Payne, D. J., Gelmi, A., Yarovsky, I., and Stevens, M. M. 'Surface enhanced Raman scattering artificial nose for high dimensionality fingerprinting.' Nat Commun (2020); DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-13615-2



Adeagbo, O., Herbst, C., Blandford, A., McKendry, R. A., Estcourt, C., Seeley, J., and Shahmanesh, M. 'Exploring People’s Candidacy for Mobile Health–Supported HIV Testing and Care Services in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Qualitative Study.' J Med Internet Res (2019); DOI: 10.2196/15681

Takah, N. F., Brangel, P., Shrestha, P., and Peeling, R. 'Sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic tests for Lassa fever: a systematic review.' BMC Infect Dis. (2019); DOI: 10.1186/s12879-019-4242-6

Taylor, M. J., and Wilson, J. 'Reasonable Expectations of Privacy and Disclosure of Health Data.' Medical Law Review (2019); DOI:

Gliddon, H. D., Shorten, R. J., Hayward, A. C., and Story, A. 'A sputum sample processing method for community and mobile tuberculosis diagnosis using the Xpert MTB/RIF assay' ERJ Open Research (2019); DOI: 10.1183/23120541.00165-2018

Bennett, I., Pyne, A., and McKendry, R. A. 'Rapid antimicrobial sensitivity testing by single cell nanoscale optical interference.' bioRxiv (2019); DOI:

Lin, Y., Penna, M., Thomas, M. R., Wojciechowski, J. P., Leonardo, V., Wang, Y., Pashuck, E. T., Yarovsky, I., and Stevens, M. M. 'Residue-Specific Solvation-Directed Thermodynamic and Kinetic Control over Peptide Self-Assembly with 1D/2D Structure Selection' ACS Publications (2019); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b08117

Schormans, M., Jiang, D., Valente, V., and Demosthenous, A. 'Short-Range Quality-Factor Modulation (SQuirM) for Low Power High Speed Inductive Data Transfer' IEEE Xplore Digital Library (2019); DOI: 10.1109/TCSI.2019.2922124

Loynachan, C. N., Soleimany, A. P., Dudani, J. S., Lin, Y., Najer, A., Bekdemir, A., Chen, Q., Bhatia, S. N., and Stevens, M. M. 'Renal clearable catalytic gold nanoclusters for in vivo disease monitoring.' Nature Nanotechnology (2019); DOI:

Mathenjwa, T., Kim, H-Y., Zuma, T., Shahmanesh, M., Seeley, J., Matthews, P., Wyke, S., McGrath, N., Sartorius, B., Yapa, H. M., Adeagbo, O., Blandford, A., Dobra, A., Baernighausen, T., and Tanser, F. 'Home-based intervention to test and start (HITS) protocol: a cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce HIV-related mortality in men and HIV incidence in women through increased coverage of HIV treatment' BMC Public Health (2019); DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7277-0

Wang, Y., Howes, P. D., Kim, E., Spicer, C. D., Thomas, M. R., Lin, Y., Crowder, S. W., Pence, I. J., and Stevens, M. M. 'Duplex-Specific Nuclease-Amplified Detection of MicroRNA Using Compact Quantum Dot–DNA Conjugates' ACS Publications (2018); DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b07250

Schormans, M., Valente, V., and Demosthenous, A. 'Practical Inductive Link Design for Biomedical Wireless Power Transfer: A Tutorial' IEEE Xplore Digital Library (2019); DOI: 10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2913346 

Singh, A., Gibbs, J., and Blandford, A. 'Emotion and Experience in Negotiating HIV-Related Digital Resources: "It's not just a runny nose!"' CHI '19 Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Paper No. 599 (2019); DOI: 10.1145/3290605.3300829

Lin. Y., Charchar, P., Christofferson, A. J., Thomas, M. R., Todorova, N., Mazo, M. M., Chen, Q., Doutch, J., Richardson, R., Yarovsky, I., and Stevens, M. M. 'Surface Dynamics and Ligand–Core Interactions of Quantum Sized Photoluminescent Gold Nanoclusters' ACS Publications (2019); DOI: 

Primault, V., Lampos, V., Cox, I. J., and De Cristofaro, E. 'Privacy-preserving crowd-sourcing of web searches with private data donor.' Proc. of the 28th International Web Conference (WWW ’19), pp. 1487–1497 (2019); DOI: 10.1145/3308558.3313474

Concannon, D., Herbst, K., and Manley, E. 'Developing a Data Dashboard Framework for Population Health Surveillance: Widening Access to Clinical Trial Findings' JMIR Formative Research (2019); DOI: doi:10.2196/11342

Zou, B., Lampos, V., and Cox, I. J. 'Transfer Learning for Unsupervised Influenza-like Illness Models from Online Search Data' WWW '19 The World Wide Web Conference (2019); DOI: 10.1145/3308558.3313477

Gray, E. R., Heaney, J., Ferns, R. R., Sequeira, P. C., Nastouli, E., and Garson, J. A. 'Minor groove binder modification of widely used TaqMan hydrolysis probe for detection of dengue virus reduces risk of false-negative real-time PCR results for serotype 4' Journal of Virological Methods (2019); DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.03.006

Nele, V., Holme, M. N., Kauscher, U., Thomas, M. R., Doutch, J. J., and Stevens, M. M. 'Effect of Formulation Method, Lipid Composition, and PEGylation on Vesicle Lamellarity: A Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Study' ACS Publications (2019); DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b04256

Wood, C., S., Thomas, M. R., Budd, J., Mashamba-Thompson, T., P., Herbst, K., Pillay, D., Peeling, R. W.,  Johnson, A., M., McKendry, R. A., and Stevens, M. M.   'Taking connected mobile-health diagnostics of infectious diseases to the field' Nature (2019); DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-0956-2

Miller, B., S., Gliddon, H., D., and McKendry, R. A. 'Towards a Future of Rapid, Low-Cost, Multiplexed Detection of Antimicrobial Resistance Markers for Tuberculosis and Other Pathogens' Clinical Chemistry (2019); DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2018.296715

Lin, Y., Mazo, M. M., Skaalure, S. C., Thomas, M. R., Schultz, S. R., and Stevens, M. M. 'Activatable cell–biomaterial interfacing with photo-caged peptides' Chem. Sci. (2019); DOI: 10.1039/C8SC04725A

Land, K. J., Boeras, D. I., Chen, X., Ramsay, A. R., and Peeling, R. W. 'REASSURED diagnostics to inform disease control strategies, strengthen health systems and improve patient outcomes.' Nature Microbiology (2019); DOI:

Heesterbeek, D. A. C., Bardoel, B. W., Parsons, E. S., Bennett, I., Ruyken, M., Doorduijn. D. J., Gorham, R. D., Berends, E. T. M., Pyne, A. L. B., Hoogenboom, B. W., and Rooijakkers, S. H. M 'Bacterial killing by complement requires membrane attack complex formation via surface‐bound C5 convertases' The EMBO Journal (2019); DOI:

Wang, S-T., Lin, Y., Nielsen, M. H., Song, C. Y., Thomas, M. R., Spicer, C. D., Kroger, R., Ercius, P., Aloni, S., and Stevens, M. M. 'Shape-controlled synthesis and in situ characterisation of anisotropic Au nanomaterials using liquid cell transmission electron microscopy' Nanoscale (2019); DOI: 10.1039/c9nr01474h

Kim, E., Agarwal, S., Kim, N., Sydow Hage, F., Leonardo, V., Gelmi, A., Stevens, M. M. 'Bioinspired Fabrication of DNA–Inorganic Hybrid Composites Using Synthetic DNA' ACS Nano (2019); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b06492



Flekova, L., Lampos, V., and Ingemar J. Cox, I. J. 'Changes in psycholinguistic attributes of social media users before, during, and after self reported influenza symptoms.' Proc. of the 2018 EMNLP Workshop SMM4H: The 3rd Social Media Mning for Health Applications Workshop & Shared Task, pp. 17–21 (2018); DOI: 10.18653/v1/W18-5905

Izci, D., Dale, C., Keegan, N., and Hedley, J. 'The Construction of a Graphene Hall Effect Magnetometer' IEEE Sensors Journal (2018): DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2018.2872604

Faria, M., Bjornmalm, M., Thurecht, K. J., Kent, S. J., Parton, R. G., Kavallaris, M., Johnston, A. P. R., Gooding, J. J., Corrie, S. R., Boyd, B. J., Thordarson, P., Whittaker, A. K., Stevens, M. M., Prestidge, C. A., Porter, C. J. H., Parak, W. J., Davis, T. P., Crampin, E. J., and Caruso, F. 'Minimum information reporting in bio–nano experimental literature' Nature Nanotechnology (2019); DOI:

Zou, B., Lampos, V., and Cox, I. J. 'Multi-task learning improves disease models from web search' WWW '18 Proceedings of the 2018 World Wide Web (2018); DOI: 10.1145/3178876.3186050

Pilavaki, E., Valente, V., and Demosthenous, A. 'CMOS Image Sensor for Lateral Flow Immunoassay Readers' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs (2018); DOI: 10.1109/TCSII.2018.2855054

Penders, J., Pence, I. J., Horgan, C. C., Bergholt, M. S., Wood, C. S., Najer, A., Kauscher, U., Nagelkerke, A., and Stevens, M. M. 'Single Particle Automated Raman Trapping Analysis' Nature Communications (2018); DOI:

Jumeaux, C., Kim E., Howes, P. D., Kim, H., Chandrawati, R., and Stevens, M. M. 'Detection of microRNA biomarkers via inhibition of DNA-mediated liposome fusion' Nanoscale Advances (2018); DOI:

Valente, V., Schormans, M., and Demosthenous, A. 'An Energy-Efficient 1.2V 4-Channel Wireless CMOS Potentiostat for Amperometric Biosensors' IEEE Explore Digital Library (2018); DOI: 10.1109/ISCAS.2018.8351541

Gelkop, S., Sobarzo, A., Brangel, P., Vincke, C., Romão, E., Fedida-Metula, S., Strom, N., Ataliba, I., Mwiine, F. N., Ochwo, S., Velazquez-Salinas, L., McKendry, R. A., Muyldermans, S., Lutwama, J. J., Rieder, E., Yavelsky, V., and Lobel L. 'The Development and Validation of a Novel Nanobody-Based Competitive ELISA for the Detection of Foot and Mouth Disease 3ABC Antibodies in Cattle' Frontiery in Vetinary Science (2018); DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00250

Neshatvar, N., Langlois, P., and Demosthenous, A. 'A Non-Linear Feedback Current Driver With Automatic Phase Compensation for Bioimpedance Applications' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs (2018); DOI: 10.1109/TCSII.2018.2856377

Samadhan B. Patil, S. B., Al-Jehani, R. M., Etayash, H., Turbe, V., Jiang, K., Bailey, J., Al-Akkad, W., Soudy, R., Kaur, K., McKendry, R. A., Thundat, T., and Ndieyira, J. W. 'Modified cantilever arrays improve sensitivity and reproducibility of nanomechanical sensing in living cells' Nature Communications Biology (2018); DOI: 10.1038/s42003-018-0179-3

Richards, D. A. 'Exploring alternative antibody scaffolds: Antibody fragments and antibody mimics for targeted drug delivery' Science Direct (2018); DOI:

Holme, M. N., Rana, S., Barriga, H. M. G., Kauscher, U., Brooks, N. J., and Stevens, M. M. 'A Robust Liposomal Platform for Direct Colorimetric Detection of Sphingomyelinase Enzyme and Inhibitors' ACS Publications (2018); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b03308

Holm, M. N., Harunur Rashid, M., Thomas, M. R., Barriga, H. M. G., Herpoldt, K-L., Heenan, R. K., Dreiss, C. A., Leobardo Banuelos, J., Zix, H-N., Yarovsky, I., and Stevens, M. M. 'Fate of Liposomes in the Presence of Phospholipase C and D: From Atomic to Supramolecular Lipid Arrangement' ACS Publications (2019); DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.8b00286

Schormans, M., Valente, V., and Demosthenous, A. 'A Low-Power, Wireless, Capacitive Sensing Frontend Based on a Self-Oscillating Inductive Link' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers (2018); DOI: 10.1109/TCSI.2018.2835148

Lawry, B. M., Johnson, C. L., Flanagan, K., Spoors, J. A., McNeil, C. J., Wipat, A., and Keegan. N. 'Species-Specific Detection of C. difficile Using Targeted Antibody Design' Analytical Chemistry (2018); DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b03349

Gray, E. R., Bain, R., Varsaneux, O., Peeling, R., Stevens, M. M., and McKendry, R. A. 'p24 revisited: a landscape review of antigen detection for early HIV diagnosis.' AIDS (2018); DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001982

Barriga, H. M. G., Holme, M. N., and Stevens, M. M. 'Cubosomen: die nächste Generation intelligenter Lipid‐Nanopartikel?' Angewandte Chemie (2018); DOI:

Wagner, M., Lampos, V., Cox., I. J., and Pebody, R. 'The added value of online user-generated content in traditional methods for influenza surveillance.' Scientific Reports (2018); DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-32029-6

Gibbs, J., Clifton, S., Sonnenberg, P., Blandford, A., Johnson, A. M., and Estcourt, C. S. 'Legislation and regulation in the era of online sexual health: how do we ensure provision of safe, high-quality care?' BMJ (2018); DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2018-053679

Gray, E. R., Turbe, V., Lawson, V. E., Page, R. H., Cook, Z. C., Ferns, R. B., Nasouli, E., Pillay, D., Yatsuda, H., Athey, D., and McKendry, R. A. 'Ultra-rapid, sensitive and specific digital diagnosis of HIV with a dual-channel SAW biosensor in a pilot clinical study' Digital Medicine (2018); DOI: 10.1038/s41746-018-0041-5

Creamer, A., Wood, C. S., Howes, P. D., Casey, A., Cong, S., Marsh, A. V., Godin, R., Panidi, J., Anthopoulos, T. A., Burgess, C. H., Wu, T., Fei, Z., Hamilton, I., McLachlan, M. A., Stevens, M. M., and Heeney, M. 'Post-polymerisation functionalisation of conjugated polymer backbones and its application in multi-functional emissive nanoparticles' Nature Chemistry (2018); DOI:

Green, H. K., Edeghere, O., Elliot, A. J., Cox, I. J., Morbey, Pebody, P., Bones, A., McKendry, R. A., Smith, G. E. ‘Google search patterns monitoring the daily health impact of heatwaves in England: how do the findings compare to established syndromic surveillance systems from 2013 to 2017?’ Environmental Research (2018); DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.04.002

Blandford, A., Gibbs, J., Newhouse, N., Perski, O., Singh, A., and Murray, E. ‘Seven lessons for interdisciplinary research on interactive digital health interventions’ Digital Health (2018); DOI:

Miller, B. S., Parolo, C., Tube, V., Keane, C. E., Gray, E. R., McKendry, R. A. 'Quantifying Biomolecular Binding Constants Using Video Paper Analytical Devices' Chem. Eur. J. (2018); DOI: 10.1002/chem.201802394

Wenham, C., Gray, E. R., Keane, C. E., Donati, M., Paolotti, D., Pebody, R., Fragaszy, E., McKendry, R. A., Edmunds, W. J. 'Self-Swabbing for Virological Confirmation of Influenza-Like Illness Among an Internet-Based Cohort in the UK During the 2014-2015 Flu Season: Pilot Study' J Med Internet Res; 20(3):e71 (2018); DOI: 10.2196/jmir.9084

Brangel, P., Sobarzo, A., Parolo, C., Miller, B.S., Howes, P.D., Gelkop, S., Lutwama, J.J., Dye, J.M., McKendry, R.A., Lobel, L., Stevens, M.M. 'A Serological Point-of-Care Test for the Detection of IgG Antibodies against Ebola Virus in Human Survivors' ACS Nano (2018); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b07021

Fragaszy, E. B., Warren-Gash, C., White, P. J., Zambon, M., Edmunds, W. J., Nguyen-Van-Tam, J. S., Hayward AC, 'Effects of seasonal and pandemic influenza on health-related quality of life, work and school absence in England: Results from the Flu Watch cohort study.' Influenza Other Respir Viruses, Vol: 12, Pages: 171-182 (2018); DOI: 10.1111/irv.12506



Spicer, C. D., Jumeaux, C., Gupta, B., and Stevens, M. M. 'Peptide and protein nanoparticle conjugates: versatile platforms for biomedical applications' Chem. Soc. Rev., Advance Article (2018); DOI: 10.1039/C7CS00877E

Rumbold, B., Wenham., C., Wilson, J. 'Self-tests for influenza: an empirical ethics investigation' BMC Medical Ethics (2017); DOI: 10.1186/s12910-017-0192-y

Loynachan, C.N., Thomas, M.R., Gray, E.R., Richards, D.A., Kim, J., Miller, B.S., Brookes, J.C., Agarwal, S., Chudasama, V., McKendry, R.A., Stevens, M.M. 'Platinum Nanocatalyst Amplification: Redefining the Gold Standard for Lateral Flow Immunoassays with Ultrabroad Dynamic Range' ACS Nano (2017); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b06229

Greene, M. K., Richards, D. A., Nogueira, J. C., Campbell, K., Smyth, P., Fernandez, M., Scott, C. J., and Chudasama, V. 'Forming next-generation antibody–nanoparticle conjugates through the oriented installation of non-engineered antibody fragments' Chemical Science (2017); DOI:

Lin, Y., Thomas, M. R., Gelmi, A., Leonardo, V., Pashuck, E. T., Maynard, S. A., Wang, Y., and Stevens, M. M. 'Self-Assembled 2D Free-Standing Janus Nanosheets with Single-Layer Thickness' ACS Publications (2017); DOI:

Wang, S-T., Lin, Y., Spencer, R. K., Thomas, M. R., Nguyen, A. I., Amdursky, N., Pashuck, E. T., Skaalure, S. C., Song, C. Y., Parmar, P. A., Morgan, R. M., Ercius, P., Aloni, S., Zuckermann, R. N., Stevens, M. M. 'Sequence-Dependent Self-Assembly and Structural Diversity of Islet Amyloid Polypeptide-Derived β‑Sheet Fibrils' ACS Nano, 11, 8579−8589 (2017); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b02325

Ratmann, O., Wymant, C., Colijn, C., Danaviah, S., Essex, M., Frost, S., Gall, A., Gaseitsiwe, S., Grabowski, M. K., Gray, R., Guindon, S., von Haeseler, A., Kaleebu, P., Kendall, M., Kozlov, A., Manasa, J., Minh, B. Q., Moyo, S., Novitsky, V., Nsubuga, R., Pillay, S., Quinn, T. C., Serwadda, D., Ssemwanga, D., Stamatakis, A., Trifinopoulos, J., Wawer, M., Brown, A. L., de Oliveira, T., Kellam, P., Pillay, D., Fraser, C., and on behalf of the PANGEA-HIV Consortium. 'HIV-1 Full-Genome Phylogenetics of Generalized Epidemics in Sub-Saharan Africa: Impact of Missing Nucleotide Characters in Next-Generation Sequences' AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 33(11): 1083-1098 (2017); DOI: 10.1089/aid.2017.0061

Turbé, V., Gray, E. R., Lawson, V. E., Nastouli, E., Brookes, J. C., Weiss, R. A., Pillay, D., Emery, V. C., Verrips, C. T., Yatsuda, H., Athey, D., McKendry, R. A. 'Towards an ultra-rapid smartphone- connected test for infectious diseases​' Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 11971 (2017); DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-11887-6

Jumeaux, C., Wahlsten, O., Block, S., Kim, E., Chandrawati, R., Howes, P. D., Hook, F., and Stevens, M. M. 'MicroRNA Detection by DNA‐Mediated Liposome Fusion' Chembiochem (2017); DOI:

Pilavaki, E., Demosthenous, A. 'Optimized Lateral Flow Immunoassay Reader for the Detection of Infectious Diseases in Developing Countries' Sensors 17(11), 2673 (2017); DOI:10.3390/s17112673

Pyne, A., Pfeil, M-P., Bennett, I., Ravi, J., Iavicoli, P., Lamarre, B., Roethke, A., Ray, S., Jiang, H., Bella, A., Reisinger, B., Yin. D., Little, B., Muñoz-García. J. C., Cerasoli, E., Judge, P. J., Faruqui, N., Calzolai, L., Henrion, A., Martyna, G. J., Grovenor, C. R. M., Crain, J., Hoogenboom, B. W., Watts, A., Ryadnov, M. G. 'Engineering monolayer poration for rapid exfoliation of microbial membranes' Chem. Sci., 8, 1105-1115 (2017); DOI: 10.1039/C6SC02925F

Ruiz-Sanchez, A. J., Parolo, C., Miller, B. S., Gray, E. R., Schlegel, K., McKendry, R. A. 'Tuneable plasmonic gold dendrimer nanochains for sensitive disease detection' Journals of Material Chemistry B (2017); DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01394A

Wagner, M., Lampos, V., Yom-Tov, E., Pebody, R., Cox, I. J. 'Estimating the Population Impact of a New Pediatric Influenza Vaccination Program in England Using Social Media Content' J Med Internet Res 19(12):e416 (2017); DOI: 10.2196/jmir.8184

Singh, A., Gibbs, J., Estcourt, C., Sonnenberg, Pam., Blandford, A. 'Are HIV Smartphone Apps and Online Interventions Fit for Purpose?' Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Digital Health (2017); DOI: 10.1145/3079452.3079469

Soh, J.H., Lin, Y., M. R. Thomas, M.R., Todorova, N., Kallepitis, C., Yarovsky, I., Ying, J.Y., Stevens, M.M. 'Distinct Bimodal Roles of Aromatic Molecules in Controlling Gold Nanorod Growth for Biosensing' Advanced Functional Materials (2017) 1700523; DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201700523

Kim, E., Howes, P.D., Crowder, S.W., Stevens, M.M. 'Multi-Amplified Sensing of MicroRNA by a Small DNA Fragment-Driven Enzymatic Cascade Reaction' ACS Sensors (2017); DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.6b00601

Lin, Y., Pashuck, E.T., Thomas, M.R., Amdursky, N., Wang, S.-T., Chow, L.W., Stevens, M.M. 'Plasmonic Chirality Imprinting on Nucleobase-Displaying Supramolecular Nanohelices by Metal–Nucleobase Recognition' Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2017), 56, 2361; DOI: 10.1002/anie.201610976

Wang, S.-T, Lin, Y., Hsu, C.-C., Amdursky, N., Spicer, C.D., Stevens, M.M. 'Probing amylin fibrillation at an early stage via a tetracysteine-recognising fluorophore' Talanta (2017); DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2017.05.015 

Gray, E.R., Brookes, J.C., Caillat, C., Turbe, V., Webb, B.L., Granger, L.A., Miller, B.S., McCoy, L.E., El Khattabi, M., Verrips, C.T., Weiss, R.A., Duffy, D.M., Weissenhorn, W., McKendry, R.A. 'Unravelling the molecular basis of high affinity nanobodies against HIV p24: in vitro functional, structural and in silico insights.' ACS Infectious Diseases (2017); DOI: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.6b00189

Richards, D, A.,  Maruani, A.,  Chudasama, V. 'Antibody fragments as nanoparticle targeting ligands: a step in the right direction' Chem. Sci., 8, 63-77 (2017); DOI: 10.1039/C6SC02403C

Lampos, V., Zou, B., Cox, I.J. 'Enhancing Feature Selection Using Word Embeddings: The Case of Flu Surveillance' WWW '17 Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on World Wide Web (2017); DOI: 10.1145/3038912.3052622

Lee, M. T. W., Maruani, A., Richards, D.A., Baker, J. R., Caddick, S., Chudasama. V. 'Enabling the controlled assembly of antibody conjugates with a loading of two modules without antibody engineering' Chem. Sci., 8, 2056-2060 (2017); DOI: 10.1039/C6SC03655D



Valente, V., Demosthenous, A. 'Wideband Fully-Programmable Dual-Mode CMOS Analogue Front-End for Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy' Sensors16(8), 1159 (2016); DOI:10.3390/s16081159

Aletras, N., Tsarapatsanis, D., Preotiuc-Pietro, D., Lampos, V. 'Predicting judicial decisions of the European Court of Human Rights: a Natural Language Processing perspective.' PeerJ Computer Science 2:e93 (2016); DOI: 10.7717/peerj-cs.93

Jauset-Rubio, M., Svobodová, M., Mairal, T., McNeil, C., Keegan, N., Saeed, A., Abbas, M. N., El-Shahawi, M. S., Bashammakh, A. S., Alyoubi, A. O., O'Sullivan, C. K. ‘Ultrasensitive, rapid and inexpensive detection of DNA using paper based lateral flow assay.’ Scientific Reports, 6, 37732, (2016); DOI: 10.1038/srep3773

Huo, D., Choong, Z. J., Shi, Y., Hedley, J., Zhao, Y. 'Diamond micro-milling of lithium niobate for sensing applications' J. Micromech. Microeng. 26 095005 (2016); DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/26/9/095005

Mısırlı, G., Hallinan, J., Pocock, M., Lord, P., McLaughlin, J. A., Sauro, H., Wipat, A. 'Data Integration and Mining for Synthetic Biology Design' ACS Synth. Biol. 5, 1086−1097 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.5b00295

Pye, H., Butt, M. A., Reinert, H. W., Maruani, A., Nunes, J. P. M., Marklew, J. S., Qurashi, M., Funnell, L., May, A., Stamati, I., Hamoudi, R., Baker, J. R., Smith, M. E. B., Caddick, S., Deonarain, M. P., Yahioglu, G., Chudasama, V., Lovat, L. B. 'A HER2 selective theranostic agent for surgical resection guidance and photodynamic therapy' Photochem. Photobiol. Sci.,15, 1227-1238 (2016); DOI: 10.1039/C6PP00139D

Jauset-Rubio, M., Svobodová, M., Mairal, T., McNeil, C., Keegan, N., El-Shahawi, M. S., Bashammakh, A. S., Alyoubi, A. O., O’Sullivan, C. K. 'Aptamer Lateral Flow Assays for Ultrasensitive Detection of β-Conglutin Combining Recombinase Polymerase Amplification and Tailed Primers.' Analytical Chemistry (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b03256

Lampos V., Aletras N., Geyti J.K., Zou B., Cox I.J. 'Inferring the Socioeconomic Status of Social Media Users Based on Behaviour and Language.' Advances in Information Retrieval. ECIR 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9626. Springer, Cham (2016); DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30671-1_54

Maruani, A., Richards, D.A. & Chudasama, V. 'Dual modification of biomolecules' Org. Biomol. Chem (2016); DOI: 10.1039/C6OB01010E.

Hermans, R.L., Dueck, B., Ndieyira, J.W., McKendry, R.A. & Aeppli, G. 'Optical diffraction for measurements of nano-mechanical bending' Sci. Reports 6: 26690 (2016); DOI: 10.1038/srep26690.

Brookes, J.C., Bufacchi, R., Kondoh, J., Duffy, D.M., McKendry, R.A. 'Determining biosensing modes in SH-SAW device using 3D finite element analysis' Sensors & Actuators: B. Chemical 234, 412-419 (2016); DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2016.03.103.

Gliddon, H.D., Howes, P.D., Kaforou, M., Levin, M., Stevens, M.M. 'A nucleic acid strand displacement system for the multiplexed detection of tuberculosis-specific mRNA using quantum dots' Nanoscale (2016); DOI: 10.1039/C6NR00484A.

Almeida, C.S., Herrmann, I.K., Howes, P.D. & Stevens, M.M. 'Tailoring Cellular Uptake of Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles Using Modular Amphiphilic Peptide Capping Ligands' Chemistry of Materials 27, 6879-6889 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b03337.

Zou, B., Lampos, V., Gorton, R. & Cox, I.J. 'On Infectious Intestinal Disease Surveillance using Social Media Content' Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Digital Health (2016); PDF.

Kostkova P., Brewer H., De Lusignan S., Fottrell E., Goldacre B., Hart G., Koczan P., Knight P., Marsolier C., McKendry R.A., Ross E., Sasse A., Sullivan R., Chaytor S., Stevenson O., Velho R. & Tooke J. 'Who Owns the Data? Open Data for Healthcare' Front. Public Health 4, 2296-2565 (2016); DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00007.

Madsen, C., McLaughlin, J.A., Mısırlı, G., Matthew Pocock, M., Flanagan, K., Hallinan, J., Wipat, A. 'The SBOL Stack: A Platform for Storing, Publishing, and Sharing Synthetic Biology Designs' ACS Synth. Biol., 5 (6), pp 487–497 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.5b00210

Chudasama, V., Maruani, A., Caddick, S. 'Recent advances in the construction of antibody–drug conjugates' Nature Chemistry volume 8, pages114–119 (2016); DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2415



Preotiuc-Pietro, D., Lampos, V. & Aletras, N. 'An analysis of the user occupational class through Twitter content' Proceedings of the 53rd annual meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL (2015); PDF

Soh, J.H., Lin, y, Rana, S, Ying, J.Y. & Stevens, M.M. 'Colorimetric detection of small molecules in complex matrixes via target-mediated growth of aptamer-functionalized gold nanoparticles' Analytical Chemistry 87, 7644-7652 (2015); DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b00875.

Lampos, V., Miller, A.C., Crossan, S. & Stefansen, C. 'Advances in nowcasting influenza-like influenza rates using search query logs' Scientific Reports 5, 12760 (2015); DOI: 10.1038/srep12760.

Preoţiuc-Pietro D., Volkova S., Lampos V., Bachrach Y. & Aletras N. 'Studying User Income through Language, Behaviour and Affect in Social Media' PLoS ONE 10(9): e0138717; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138717.

Wenham, C. & Edmunds, J. 'How effective is this year's flu vaccine' BMJ Blogs (2015).

Yom-Tov, E., Cox, I. J., and Lampos, V. 'Learning About Health and Medicine from Internet Data' WSDM '15: Proceedings of the Eighth ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining (2015); DOI:

Lampos, V., Yom-Tov, E., Pebody, R. & Cox, I.J. 'Assessing the impact of a health intervention via user-generated Internet content' Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 5, 1434-1457 (2015); DOI: 10.1007/s10618-015-0427-9.

Patil, S.B., Manuel V., Webb, B., Mazza, G., Pinzani, M., Soh, Y., McKendry, R.A. & Ndieyira, J.W. 'Decoupling competing surface binding kinetics and reconfiguration of receptor footprint for ultrasensitive stress assays' Nature Nanotechnology 10, 899-907 (2015); DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.174.

Hayward, A.C. et al. 'Natural T Cell–mediated Protection against Seasonal and Pandemic Influenza. Results of the Flu Watch Cohort Study' AJRCMB 191, 1422-1431 (2015); DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201411-1988OC.

Yom-Tov, E., Cox, I.J., Lampos, V. & Hayward, A.C. 'Estimating the secondary attack rate and serial interval of influenza-like illnesses using social media' Influenza and other respiratory viruses 9, 191-199 (2015); DOI: 10.1111/irv.12321.

Zhang, C., Zhou, S., Miller, J.C., Cox, I.J. & Chain, B.M. 'Optimizing Hybrid Spreading in Metapopulations' Scientific Reports 5, 9924 (2015); DOI: 10.1038/srep09924.

Yom-Tov, E., Borsa, D., Hayward, A.C., McKendry, R.A. & Cox, I.J. 'Automatic Identification of Web-Based Risk Markers for Health Events' Journal of Medical Internet Research 17(1):e29, (2015); DOI: 10.2196/jmir.4082



Kappeler, N. 'Cantilevers for biological monitoring: opportunities for classical and quantum physics' Contemporary Physics, (2014); DOI: 10.1080/00107514.2014.966615

Flanagan K., Harwood C., Lawry B. & Wipat A. 'A distributed computational search strategy for the identification of diagnostics targets: application to finding aptamer targets for methicillin-resistant staphylococci', J Integr Bioinform., 11, 242, (2014); DOI: 10.2390/biecoll-jib-2014-242

Langlois, P., Neshatvar. N., & Demosthenous, A. 'A sinusoidal current driver with an extended frequency range and multifrequency operation for bioimpedance applications', IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems9, 401-411, (2014); DOI: 10.1109/TBCAS.2014.2332136

Howes, P.D., Chandrawati, R. & Stevens, M.M. 'Colloidal nanoparticles as advanced biological sensors' Science, 346, 1247390–1247390 (2014); DOI: 10.1126/science.1247390

Howes, P.D., Rana, S. & Stevens, M.M. 'Plasmonic Nanomaterials for Biodiagnostics' Chem. Soc. Rev., 43, 3835–3853 (2014); DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60346F

Yom-Tov, E., Borsa, D., Cox, I.J. & McKendry, R.A. 'Detecting Disease Outbreaks in Mass Gatherings Using Internet Data' J. Med. Internet Res. 16(6):e154, (2014); DOI: 10.2196/jmir.3156.

Ndieyira, J. W., Kappeler, N., Logan, S., Cooper M.A., Abell, C., McKendry R.A. & Aeppli, G. 'Surface-stress sensors for rapid and ultrasensitive detection of active free drugs in human serum' Nature Nanotechnology 9, 225–232 (2014); DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2014.33.

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